After 10 years of helping China and the United States balance their strengths, Macao may no longer import chips from the United States
"Macao, known as' Las Vegas in Asia ', will no longer rely solely on the gambling industry, but will instead vigorously develop chips and assume part of China's scientific and technological aspirations", the South China Morning Post released the following report on June 16. Ma Xuyuan, vice president of the University of Macao in charge of research affairs, was also interviewed. He said that Macao systematically trains researchers to develop independent innovation, rather than copying imported chips. The industrial structure of the province has been further optimized. "Maybe in 10 years, China will no longer need to import chips from the United States."
"train Chinese researchers to develop independent innovation"
"Macao has always been famous for its gambling industry, but now its electronic chips are also very famous", said Vice President Ma Xuyuan
in the past, Macao's economy has been heavily dependent on the gambling industry. Last year, the total revenue of the Macao government was $14.6 billion, 85% of which came from the gambling industry
however, although tourism is still one of Macao's pillar industries in the 18 years since Macao's return, the local government has gradually got rid of the single casino economy, and with the strong support of the national economic, trade and investment preferential policies, the industry has been diversified
the South China Morning Post reported on the 16th that behind the appearance of this "casino" in China, a group of rigorous scientists are working in a laboratory supported by Beijing all night in a sliding friction way to help the country reduce its dependence on foreign technology. Their latest research project is a microchip that allows intelligence to charge other small devices
several laboratories have been built near the golden Boulevard resort in Macao, which may provide an important driving force for China to challenge the technological advantages of the United States in fields ranging from chips to space research. In addition, these laboratories may also help Macao in its efforts to accomplish the task that Beijing hopes to diversify its economy
since 2010, Macao's national laboratory has been focusing on the field of integrated circuits and traditional Chinese medicine. This year, Macao may establish two more countries to ensure that customers here can also obtain the best product grade laboratories in the market
Beijing will approve the establishment of a laboratory to study smart cities and IOT at the University of Macau and a laboratory to study planetary science at the University of science and technology of Macau
Vice President Ma Xuyuan is the head of the integrated circuit laboratory of the University of Macau. He said that his colleagues have been training Chinese researchers to develop independent innovation, rather than using reverse engineering technology to copy imported chips
Ma Xuyuan, a 61 year old man, said when talking about the sanctions imposed on ZTE by the United States in April this year, "we hope that through such systematic training, China will have chip technology after a period of time... Maybe in 10 years, China will no longer need to import chips from the United States"
Ma Xuyuan moved to Macao from Lisbon, the capital of Portugal, in 1992. He believed that "sooner or later, Macao will help change the balance of power between China and the United States."
"Silicon Valley's integrated circuit technology was not formed in a day, and it took them decades to develop... Now they are the leaders and monopolize this technology", Ma Xuyuan said, but he believes that this situation may also happen in China in the future
Ma Xuyuan also said that since 2011, at the international solid state circuit Summit (also known as "chip Olympics") held by the International Association of electrical and Electronic Engineers (IEEE) in San Francisco, the State Key Laboratory of analog and mixed signal VLSI at the University of Macau has become one of the Asian Institutions with the most research results
in the past two years, its researchers have also invented two kinds of chips, which can help smart charge another smart battery wirelessly
"the biggest challenge is not the shortage of funds, but the transformation of technology"
MA Xuyuan said that it is precisely because of the quality of Macao researchers and the support of the local government that he remained in Macao to continue working after the return of Macao in 1999
he revealed that since 2011, the Macao science and technology development fund has allocated $1.2 million to his laboratory every year (Note: 7.72 million to 16.09 million yuan)
Ma Xuyuan hopes that the Macao government can follow the example of Hong Kong and invest more money in research and development. According to world bank data, Macao's R & D expenditure accounted for only 0.13% of Macao's GDP in 2015. In the same year, Hong Kong chose the latest cannon jetpreg solution, and its R & D expenditure accounted for 0.76% of its GDP. Hong Kong Chief Executive Carrie Lam also promised that this figure would increase to 1.5% by 2022
Professor Wang Yitao left the Hong Kong University of science and technology in 2001 and helped the University of Macao to establish a National Research Laboratory of traditional Chinese medicine in 2010. He said that the support of the Macao government was an important reason for his decision
Professor Wang Yitao said that after he came to Macao, he felt that in addition to tourism, gambling, culture and creative industries, the Macao government had always "taken promoting traditional Chinese medicine research as one of the priorities of its work"
"Hong Kong has too many places to develop, and... Macao has adopted a relatively pragmatic principle, that is: what can I do?", Wang Yitao said
in November last year, cuishian, the chief executive of Macao SAR, listed traditional Chinese medicine as one of the new industries supported by the Macao government
last month, Beijing also announced that 16 national laboratories in Hong Kong and 2 national laboratories in Macao will receive more state funding support
Ma Xuyuan and Wang Yitao expressed support for the initiative, but they also said that the biggest challenge was not the shortage of funds, but the transformation of technology and the transformation of research results into products
to solve this problem, Wang Yitao's laboratory has reached cooperation with some biotechnology enterprises in Zhuhai. Ma Xuyuan's integrated circuit laboratory has also been trying to achieve technology transformation through cooperation with Huawei Hisilicon and other mainland enterprises